Several states have embraced net metering in order to encourage the adoption of solar energy and other distributed generation.
Sometimes referred to as “running a meter backwards,” net metering allows people to generate their own electricity, export any excess electricity to the grid.
A few states like California and Illinois are now talking about “virtual” net metering. The term “virtual” may be confusing, but it essentially means customers can receive net metering credits for projects even if they are not on their property. An example would be a group of neighbors receiving such credits for a community solar project.